The Kimberley Process Scheme narrowly defines "conflict" diamonds as rebel conflict; it does not guard against anything other form of abuse and violence. There is wide recognition that it is full of loopholes, even by the NGO's that created it.

TIME magazine's recent cover story highlighted that after 15 years of “process work”, the diamond industry is still tainted by war, human rights abuses, and child labor.

In December of 2017, the prominent NGO IMPACT quit the Kimberley system, following another NGO who left just earlier.